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Communicable infectious diseases that are transmitted by insect vectors have created havoc to human health since time immemorial. Human around the world therefore are constantly struggling to get rid of these vector borne diseases (VBDs) following multifarious approaches, including development of new drugs and vaccines for treatment and permanent protection, respectively. However, partial success has been made so far in alleviating from different VBD. To this extent, controlling the populations of insect vectors remains one of the most effective ways for disrupting the transmission of VBDs. Considering high adaptive capacities of these insect vectors in various eco-climatic human habitations, getting rid of insect populations that transmit infectious diseases is of high importance. Furthermore, constantly evolving resistance to different insecticides and increased vectorial capacity (greater ability to transmit pathogens) have posed greater challenge for controlling the VBDs.
The Centre for Research in Medical Entomology (CRME) is one of the 33 permanent institutes of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), an apex organization of the Indian government for conducting biomedical research of the country. At CRME, we use integrated approaches of field, laboratory and operational research to not only unravel the differential distribution of insects through vector surveillance, but also use modern biological technologies to develop novel strategies to control insects populations of medical importance. Our research areas span across a wide range of diseases – from the endemic and recurring VBDs like malaria, Japanese encephalitis and filariasis etc. to the emerging and re-emerging diseases like, chikungunya, dengue and zika etc. Over the next few years, CRME aims at evolving into a premier center for excellence in medical entomological research of the country through cutting edge research.